Sponsored by the Grand Forks Tobacco Free Coalition, the study says the bans had no impact when you control for outside factors such as the U.S.-Canadian exchange rate, GF’s overall economy and, of course, weather conditions.
Some business owners will no doubt cry fowl, but keep in mind the data was not gathered at an individual level but rather at an industry level. It is entirely plausible local businesses could have been benefited or harmed by the bans.
You can get the full story here.
The study is available here.